Volgens wetenschappelijk onderzoek kunnen sommige complementaire technieken de symptomen van fibromyalgie verlichten.
Results of a recent systematic review and meta-analysis concluded that massage therapy with a duration of 5 weeks or longer had beneficial immediate effects on improving pain, anxiety, and depression for people with fybromyalgia.
A 2014 systematic review and meta-analysis of nine randomized controlled trials involving 404 participants with fibromyalgia syndrome found that massage therapy with a duration of 5 weeks or longer had beneficial immediate effects on improving pain, anxiety, and depression.
A 2015 systematic review and meta-analysis of 10 randomized and non-randomized controlled trials involving a total of 145 participants concluded that overall, most styles of massage therapy consistently improved the quality of life of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome.
Massage therapy appears to be sage when performed by a trained practitioner.
Mindfulness mediation may provide short-term improvements in pain and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia; however, the evidence is limited by a small number of studies with low methodological quality.
A 2015 Cochrane review of 61 trials involving 4,234 participants examined mind and body therapies for fibromyalgia. The review found no advantage observed for mindfulness compared to usual care (control) for physical functioning, pain, mood, or participant withdrawals post-intervention. However, the quality of the evidence was very low for pain and moderate for mood and number of withdrawals.
A 2015 randomized prospective controlled trial of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in 91 women with fibromyalgia syndrome found that MBSR relieved some of the major symptoms of fibromyalgia and reduced subjective illness burden.
Mindfulness and other forms of meditation are generally considered to be safe for healthy people. However, they may need to be modified to make them safe and comfortable for people with some (psychiatric) health conditions.
Findings from some randomized controlled trials suggest that meditative movement therapies such as tai chi, qi gong, and yoga may provide modest relief of some fibromyalgia symptoms.
A 2013 systematic review and meta-analysis of 7 studies involving 362 participants found evidence that meditative movement therapies such as tai chi, qi gong, and yoga resulted in modest improvements in sleep disturbances, fatigue, depressed mood, and health-related quality of life at the conclusion of the study treatment period. The investigators also found evidence of continued improvement in sleep disturbances and health-related quality of life 3 to 6 months later. The investigators concluded that high-quality studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm these results.
A 2013 systematic review of two randomized controlled trials on fibromyalgia syndrome found very low evidence for yoga’s effects on pain and low evidence for yoga’s effects on disability.
bron: National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health